Wed. Feb 26th, 2020

Types of Eating Disorders

We hear many parents complaining of their kids not having food appropriately. Majority of kids who are concerned about their appearance and physique have poor eating habits. Social pressure and inability to adjust to the sudden onset of physical changes at puberty can also result in development of eating disorders in young children. Both girls and boys are equally susceptible to developing eating disorders.

Here is an overview of various types and signs and symptoms of eating disorders.

Types of Eating Disorders  – Signs and Symptoms

There are three major types of eating disorders they are anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa
and binge eating disorders.

Anorexia Nervosa
This is mainly observed in children who have the fear of becoming obese. Thus, to prevent deformation of their shape they start eating less and do everything to lose weight. They start to starve, avoid lot of foods with the fear of fat containing in them and even do strenuous exercises. In their efforts to lose weight they develop deficiency of various vitamins and minerals. Due to total restriction of fatty foods they even develop deficiency of essential fatty acids.

Anorexia Nervosa
Anorexia Nervosa Symptoms and Signs
Due to prolonged poor intake of food people with anorexia develop the following symptoms.

Lowered blood pressure, pulse rate and breathing inability.
Increased loss of hair.
Fragile fingernails.
Irregular or total loss of periods.
Growth of soft hair all over the body.
Poor concentration.
Inflammation of joints.
Weak bones.
Bulimia Nervosa
Unlike those with anorexia, people Bulimia nervosa eat excess of food and then make efforts to get rid of all those extra calories. To get rid of the excess food they self induce vomiting or use laxatives, diuretics, enemas or overdo workouts. They generally fee ashamed of having too much of food but cannot resist themselves from having food after the emotions disappear. Increased use of laxatives and frequent vomiting can cause certain health disturbances.

Bulimia Nervosa Symptoms and Signs
Persistent pain in the stomach.
Increased acid production in stomach can damage the teeth.
Cheeks can be become out of shape due to swelling of salivary glands out of frequent vomiting.
Increased loss of potassium due frequent throwing up can result in cardiac problems and may even lead to death.
Binge Eating Disorder
Like those with Bulimia, people with binge eating disorder also eat excess of food. They differ from those with bulimia by not making any effort to get rid of the excess food and calories.

Binge Eating Disorder Symptoms and Signs
Obesity due to overeating.
Increased blood pressure.
High risk of cardiac problems due to increased intake of calories.
Increased intake of food out of depression that develops due to inability in controlling overeating.
In view of health risks of these eating disorders parents should take action at right time to safeguard the health of the kids. To overcome eating disorders in young children parents should continuously educate children about the importance of healthy foods and nutrition. If the symptoms of eating disorders continue to persist it is highly recommended to take medical advice or assistance of a psychologist to treat the condition.

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