What is Diabetes? A layman defines diabetes as medical disorder producing excess urine: a medical disorder that causes the body to produce an excessive amount of urine, especially diabetes mellitus.
There are different types of diabetes as there are different causes and treatment. Diabetes is one of the major diseases afflicting humanity diet and lifestyle of the modern age can trigger. The problem with diabetes is that it leads to other diseases if not treated or put under control.
Some of the health problems diabetes can lead to are stroke, cataract, blindness, hearing loss, kidney disease, high blood pressure, nerve damage to mention a few. Based on diabetes causation factors, it is estimated that at least 48% of the population are at risk of getting diabetes within their life span.
Diabetes Mellitus, common disorder of metabolism in which the amount of glucose, or sugar in the blood is too high, a condition known as hyperglycaemia.
Diabetes Insipidus, rare disease caused by deficiency of vasopressin, one of the hormones of the posterior pituitary gland, which controls the amount of urine secreted by the kidneys. The symptoms of diabetes insipidus are marked thirst and excretion of large quantity of urine, as many as 4 to 10 litres a day. This urine contains no excess sugar.
In many cases, injection or nasal inhalation of vasopressin controls the symptoms of the disease.
Causes of Diabetes
The hormone insulin, made in the pancreas, helps control levels of the sugar glucose, which is needed to fuel many chemical processes. In a healthy person, when food is digested, glucose levels in the bloodstream rise. The pancreas releases insulin which helps body cells take up glucose.
Insulin also helps convert glucose into glycogen, which is stored in the liver and muscles until needed for fuel. Hormones regulate the release of insulin by causing blood sugar levels to drop, which in turn causes the pancreas to secrete less insulin.
In a person with diabetes mellitus, the pancreas produces insufficient levels of insulin or the body is unable to use the insulin it makes. After food is digested, the pancreas can not produce enough insulin, and the body is forced to breakdown fats instead of glucose for energy.
Poisonous chemicals called Ketone are excreted in the urine and also build up in the bloodstream, leading to ketoacidosis, a serious condition that may cause coma or death. If the body is unable to use insulin properly, glucose is locked out of the cells an circulates through the body without being absorbed.
High levels of sugar in the blood and urine impair the body’s ability to fight infections and may lead to ketoacidosis. Diabetes develops either because the body’s pancreas is not producing enough of the hormone insulin to metabolize glucose, or because the insulin fails to act on receptor cells in the blood.
When blood glucose rises above a certain level, it spills over into the the urine. The condition, which may be hereditary, affects roughly 3 per cent of men and 2 per cent of women; up to half of the affected population may not have been diagnosed.
Diabetes Control and Cure
Lifestyle and diet is the first port to call when looking for cure to diabetes. This is so because in most cases it is the root cause of the disease. In pacific island before the advent of western lifestyle and food, diabetes was unknown, because the dwellers of this island were living on their traditional diet. It was when they abandoned their native foods that cases of diabetes start coming up.
Their native foods were made up of yams, bananas and coconut. Cases of diabetes started coming up when they replaced coconut, yams and bananas to western food when phosphate was discovered in the pacific island of Nauru with the influx of western foods.
Foods prepared from refined flours, processed vegetable oil and sugar became the order of the day. Substituting tasty but junky western foods to their native foods is the cause of nearly half of the urbanized Nauru people age 35 and above being diabetic. However, in remote area where people stills stick to their native foods, the disease still remain unknown.
Medical professional have been recommending low fats, high complex carbohydrate diet to put diabetes under control. Complex carbohydrate is made up of whole grain and vegetable constitute 50 to 60 percent of their diet while simple carbohydrate such as refine flour and sugar are to be completely avoided.
The reason being that simple carbohydrate put undue strain on the pancreas by speedily raising the blood sugar to dangerous levels. The brain behind removing fats alongside with sweat is to enhance weight loss. Excess weight is known to trigger diabetes. Another reason for low fat diet is to prevent heart attack which is common among diabetes patients.
Another very important reason for keeping fast out of diet is that some fats particularly oxidized fats promote and cause diabetes, coconut oil being an exception. Read other Health Articles here.